Article One

The following articles are about Beijing opera, American football, covid-19, Chinese culture books.

Article One: about Beijing Opera

Beijing Opera is the most representative of all Chinese traditional dramatic art forms and the largest Chinese opera form. Having a history of about 200 years, it is developed from absorbing many other dramatforms, mostly from the local drama ‘Huiban’, which was popular in South China during the 18th century. It is a scenic art integrating music, performance, literature, aria, and face painting.

Theatrical art forms in many other countries do not present singing, dancing and spoken parts in one single drama. An opera singer, for example, neither dances nor speaks on stage; there are no singing or dancing parts in a modern play; in a dance drama, the dancer has no speaking role and does not sing either. Traditional Chinese drama, including Beijing Opera, is a kind of entertainment which includes spoken parts, singing, dancing and acrobatics.

In addition to its presence in China, Beijing Opera has spread to many other places. Mer Lanfang, one of the most famous performers of all time, was the first to introduce Beijing Opera to foreigners and made highly successful tours to foreign countries.

“You will be puzzled all the way through and a little bored from time to time; but you will be charmed and interested. You will be strongly attracted to Beijing Opera even if you know nothing of the dramatic background. “This is how one American traveller described his first experience in watching Beijing Opera.

Beijing Opera is China’s national opera and it is full of Chinese cultural traditions. Welcome to China and enjoy Beijing Opera!

Article two: about football

Americans love to cheer for their favorite football teams.

Join in football fun

The National Football League is exciting for many Americans. If you live in the US and don’t understand the sport, you can easily feel left out. Here are some tips to help you go from outsider to super fan.

Learn the basic rules

There are two teams, each with 11 players on the field. The team on offense aims to run with the ball to the opposing team’s end zone for a touchdown or kick the ball through the other team’s goalposts for a field goal. The team on defense aims to stop these things from happening or take control of the ball for themselves. The team with the most points at the end wins.

Get into the drama

It’s exciting to see powerful players moving the ball forward on offense – and equally powerful defensive players trying to stop them from getting points. The game sometimes causes serious damage to players’ brains. “As long as no one gets terribly hurt, the hitting is the best part,” said Calvin White, a 16-year-old from New York.

Watch the Super Bowl

The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the NFL. Nearly 110 million viewers will watch this game on TV. Even non-fans don’t want to miss the star-studded halftime show.

What things do football players have to wear?

American football is a violent sport. Players tackle each other to get the ball. Although the conflict is exciting, players must have gear to protect themselves from serious injuries. Here is some of the gear they wear.

Article Three: about COVID-19

Since the COVID-19 outbreak, many people have been forced to stay at home for long periods of time to protect themselves from the virus. This has given people more free time to learn new skills and find different ways to entertain themselves.

Some of these activities include things like singing, learning to cook and ordering fresh food online. All of these things can be done in the palm of your hand with mobile apps.

Before, young people would go outside and meet friends at karaoke bars. Now, friends can meet and sing on the mobile karaoke app Changba, which translates to Singing Bar. “The Changba app not only gives me the chance to sing whatever I like at home, but also lets me keep in touch with friends by sharing our songs,” said an app user.

Some people have also taken up cooking as a new hobby to pass the time. You don’t need to attend culinary school, thanks to apps like Xiachufang and Ecook, which make it easier for those who want to learn how to cook. These apps provide a platform for users to look up different recipes and to share their own recipes with others. “Using this app, I have learned many new and healthy dishes which help me eat better,” an app user commented on the app’s website.

To help people avoid crowded places like grocery stores, apps that deliver goods right to your door have also become very popular. “It is noteworthy that the epidemic has attracted new groups of consumers, such as elderly people, who originally didn’t belong to our target user group,” Zhang Yi, an analyst from the market research company iiMedia Research, said.

Indeed, during this special time, these apps have opened up a whole new world of opportunities for people of all ages and backgrounds.

Article Four: about Wuhan COVID-19

What is a hero? We may think of the fictional characters with supernatural powers or great people who can influence world events. Now, as the nation continues its all-out efforts to fight against the COVID-19, medical staff have become heroes in the eyes of the public.

As of Feb 19, a total of 32,000 medical staff outside Hubei province have been working to treat patients around the center of the outbreak.

Zhang Dingyu, the president of Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, is one of these heroes, Since the hospital received the first seven patients in December, Zhang has been so busy that he barely gets any sleep. Even suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the 56-year-old doctor is doing his best to quicken his pace to save precious time for infected patients.

“I have to run, racing against time to save more patients from the deadly disease, because I don’t have much time left in my life,” Zhang told Xinhua News Agency.

With the duty of saving lives, many medical professionals like Zhang have been working long hours for days, despite their fear and worries.

Lu Jingjing from Wuhan Children’s Hospital also works at a temporary mobile hospital. She does not let her parents know that she is now working with novel coronavirus-infected patients.

When her parents ask for a video chat, Lu says she is working and lets her husband and children chat with them instead.

It’s dangerous but we should win the battle with the virus as soon as possible, so that medical staff and patients can go back home,” she told China Daily.

US writer Khalil Gibran once wrote, “Tenderness and kindness are not signs of weakness and despair, but the manifestations of strength and resolution.” It’s true for the medical workers.

Everyone has fear, especially when it comes to deadly diseases. But for medical staff, saving lives comes first and is enough for them to be brave and stay on the front.They may look like ordinary people in daily life, but in these extraordinary times, they are heroes.

Article Five:Books about Chinese culture

In 1995, the , UNESCO’s General Conference held in Paris designated the World Book Day on April 23 to say thanks to books and writers worldwide and to invite everyone to be a lifelong reader.

The following reading list consists of 5 books, 3 in English and the others in Chinese, about China and Chinese culture.  

1. Insights into Chinese Culture

 As an overview of Chinese culture, this book shows many ways of Chinese culture. They include Chinese customs, scenic spots, science and technology, folk art, literature and international cultural exchanges. Many people consider it as a perfect start for anyone who wants to learn about China.,

 2. Quotations from Confucius

This book keeps most of the words and thoughts from Confucius, who is the greatest educator and thinker in history. People around the world think Confucius’ teaching ideas and philosophy are still working in today’s education.

3. Chinese Folk Art series

Published by Shanghai People’s Fine Arts Publishing House, each book focuses on one folk art, such as paper- cutting, clothing and Chinese New Year New picture. Readers can enjoy the beautiful photos while learning the history and development of each art.

4. Chinese Characters

This book offers us a main introduction about the wonderful culture of Chinese characters. Learning the most difficult language in the world can be very interesting with enough examples.  

 5. Symbols of China

 Taking a special way to show the meaning of Chinese culture, this book chooses over a hundred cultural symbols and tells the story behind every one of them. Like a hundred small mirrors, these symbols show the value of traditional Chinese culture.

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