Liu Yu (known as Emperor Wu of Song Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty in History) successfully established the Song Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty（Also known as the Liu Song Dynasty） after pacifying the South and abolishing the last emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.
Nineteen years later, Emperor Taiwu of the Northern Wei Dynasty unified the north.
More than one hundred years after the fall of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, there was a confrontation between the two regimes in Chinese history.
In the Southern Dynasty, Song, Qi, Liang, and Chen dynasties were successively replaced; the Northern Wei Dynasty in the Northern Dynasty was later divided into Eastern Wei and Western Wei; the Eastern Wei and Western Wei were replaced by Northern Qi and Northern Zhou respectively. In history, this period was called the northern and Southern Dynasties.
After Liu Yu’s son (known as Emperor Wen of Song Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty in History) ascended the throne, the Northern Wei Dynasty crossed the Yellow River and attacked the Song Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty, occupying a large area of land to the south of the Yellow River.
In order to deal with the attack of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Emperor Wen of the Song Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty sent Tan Daoji to lead the army to resist.
Tan Daoji’s achievements
Once, when the Northern Wei army attacked Jinan, Tan Daoji personally led his officers and men to the water side of Ji. In more than 20 days, he fought more than 30 battles with the Northern Wei army.
Tan Daoji’s army won every time and drove all the way to Licheng (in today’s Shandong Province).
At this time, Tan Daoji was proud and his defense was a little lax.
At the right time, the Northern Wei army launched a surprise attack and burned the supplies of Tan Daoji’s army.
With no supplies, Tan Daoji was ready to withdraw the troops.
A soldier fled to the camp of the Northern Wei army and told the general of the Northern Wei Dynasty about the lack of supplies.
Later, the generals of the Northern Wei Dynasty sent a large number of troops to pursue Tan Daoji, trying to encircle his army.
Tandaoji’s troops were a little afraid when they saw a large number of Northern Wei troops surrounding them.
At this time, Tan Daoji ordered the soldiers to camp on the spot.
That night, the lights were bright in his camp, and Tan Daoji himself brought a group of soldiers who were in charge of grain to check the food in a camp.
Someone secretly looked into the camp and saw that there were a large number of rice bags, which were all snow-white rice.
After hearing the news, the spies of the Northern Wei army immediately went to tell the general that there was more than enough food in the Tan Daoji’s camp. If he wanted to fight with Tan Daoji, he must have lost the battle again.
The general got intelligence and thought that the soldier who had surrendered before was a fake surrender, so he killed him.
In fact, he fell into the trap of Tan Daoji.
What Tan Daoji looks at in the camp is not white rice, but sand, which is only covered with a small amount of white rice.
When the sky turned white, Tan Daoji ordered his soldiers to wear helmets and armour, and head south along the road.
The general of the Northern Wei Dynasty was defeated by Tan Daoji many times. He was a little afraid. When he saw them retreat leisurely, he did not dare to chase them.
With his calmness and resourcefulness, Tan Daoji saved the army.
Since then, the Northern Wei Dynasty did not dare to attack the Song Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty.
The tragic end of Tan Daoji
Although Tan Daoji has made great contributions, there is no good ending.
Once, Emperor Wen of the Song Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty was ill. Liu Yikang, the brother of Emperor Wen of the Song Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty, discussed with his confidant, “if there is something wrong with the emperor, it will always be a disaster to keep Tan Daoji.”
In the name of Emperor Wen of the Song Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty, they issued an imperial edict, saying that Tan Daoji had recruited bad people and was plotting against him. He was arrested and sentenced to death.
At the time of his arrest, Tan Daoji’s eyes were wide with anger, and his eyes seemed to burst into flames.
He pulled down his turban saying, “aren’t you destroying your great wall?”
The news that Tan Daoji was killed was spread to the Northern Wei Dynasty.
The officers and soldiers of the Northern Wei Dynasty congratulated each other happily and said, “as soon as Tan Daoji dies, there will be nothing terrible in the Song Dynasty of the Southern Dynasty.”