Liu Ji’s courtesy name is Bowen.So he was also known as Liu Bowen.
Liu Ji was born in Qingtian, Zhejiang province, he is a famous Chinese military strategist, statesman and poet.
He gave many suggestions to Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty, and made great contributions to the establishment of the Ming Dynasty.
Liu Ji became an advisor to Zhu Yuanzhang
In the first month of 1368, Zhu Yuanzhang founded the Ming Dynasty in Yingtian (now Nanjing). (known as Emperor Taizu of Ming Dynasty in History)
In the war of defeating the Yuan Dynasty and unifying China, Zhu Yuanzhang relied on a group of brave generals to win the land, and he relied on a group of advisers to help him to make suggestions.
Among these advisers, Liu Ji (also known as Liu Bowen) is the most famous one.
Liu Ji started out as an official of the Yuan Dynasty. He was not satisfied with the political corruption of the Yuan Dynasty, and often wrote some articles to satirize the current affairs.
Later, he was dismissed and returned to his hometown.
When Zhu Yuanzhang’s army hit the east of Zhejiang, he invited Liu Ji out and became his counselor.
In the war of defeating Chen Youlang and zhangshicheng, Liu Ji made many strategies.
He was trusted by Zhu Yuanzhang because of his resourcefulness.
Liu Ji is not only good at strategy, but also proficient in astronomy.
In ancient times, astronomical phenomena were often associated with good or bad luck.
Liu Ji is careful about the situation and considerate in considering the problems. His prediction is often more accurate.
But everyone thinks it’s about his mastery of astronomy.
When Zhu Yuanzhang was not emperor, a drought occurred in the south of the Yangtze River.
Liu Ji is in charge of astronomy. Zhu Yuanzhang asked him why there was a great drought and how to ask for rain.
Liu Ji prays for the truth of rain
“It’s not raining because the people in jail are wronged,” Liu Ji said.
Zhu Yuanzhang believed Liu Ji and sent him to check the prisoners in the prison.
Liu Ji did a good job of investigating, and there were indeed many wrongs.
After reporting to Zhu Yuanzhang, he redressed the unjust case and released the wrongly arrested person.
Praying for rain and releasing the wronged are two separate things.
However, he knew astronomy and could observe the change of weather. He took this opportunity to persuade Zhu Yuanzhang to deal with the injustice.
Sure enough, a few days later, the clouds were thick, and then there was a rain.
While Zhu Yuanzhang was happy, Liu Ji advised him to make good laws to prevent the occurrence of unjust and false cases.
After Zhu Yuanzhang ascended the throne, Liu Ji was responsible for the judicial work.
Once, a confidant of Prime Minister Li Shanchang broke the law.
Li Shanchang was the founder of the Ming Dynasty and had great power.
But Liu Ji, regardless of Li Shanchang’s obstruction, killed the criminal.
It happened that this year, Nanjing was in a drought again, and Zhu Yuanzhang was in a hurry.
Liu Ji took the opportunity to tell Zhu Yuanzhang: “some craftsmen who died in the city still exposed to the fields, and no one is buried. If you do these things, it may rain. “
Zhu Yuanzhang, with his heart seeking rain, soon approved Liu Ji’s request.
However, it is not reliable to persuade Zhu Yuanzhang in this way.
This time, his prediction is not correct, after ten days, or the sun is in the sky, a drop of rain has not.
This can make Zhu Yuanzhang angry, plus Li Shanchang said bad words beside, so Liu Ji was very afraid.
At this time, his wife died of illness in his hometown. Liu Ji asked to go back to his hometown.
In fact, Zhu Yuanzhang attached great importance to Liu Ji.
Once, he wanted Liu Ji to be prime minister.
Liu Ji hurriedly said, “choosing prime minister is like Select beam column. If you use small wood as a beam column, you will have a risk of collapse. “
Later, Zhu Yuanzhang withdrew the position of premier of lishangchang and wanted to invite Liu Ji to come out as prime minister.
Liu Ji returned to his hometown
Liu Ji said: “I am a man of extreme character, and I can’t tolerate bad people. I can’t bear such a heavy task when I am old.I hope your majesty can find a better person to be prime minister. “
Liu Ji returned to Qingtian and lived in seclusion, never talked about his past merits.
Qingtian County Magistrate repeatedly asked to see him, all by Liu Ji refused.
Once, the magistrate changed his clothes and dressed up a countryman to visit Liu Ji.
Liu Ji is washing his feet, sees strangers, and hurriedly wears shoes, invites the visitors in the room.
Liu Ji asked his name, he had to be honest: “I’m Qingtian County Magistrate, specially come to see you.”
Liu Ji was surprised and hurriedly rose to bow, claiming to be a common people.
After that, he never met the magistrate again.