Kangxi, who ruled China for 61 years and made many contributions during his reign, is regarded as one of the greatest emperors in China.
His rule ushered in a period of prosperity for the Qing dynasty that lasted until the reign of his grandson.
Emperor Kangxi ascended the throne
After Fulin (known as emperor Shunzhi or Shizu of Qing Dynasty in History) died, his son Xuanye ascended the throne (known as Emperor Kangxi or emperor Shengzu of Qing Dynasty in History).
When Xuanye ascended the throne, he was only eight years old.
According to Fulin’s appointment, four Manchu ministers helped him deal with state affairs, which were called assistant ministers.
Among the four assistant ministers, one is called oboi, whose power is the greatest.
When other ministers disagreed with him, they were ostracized.
After entering the Central Plains, the Qing Dynasty robbed a large area of farmers’ land by force and gave it to the Eight Banners nobles.
Relying on its own power, Oboi not only expanded the occupied territory, but also exchanged poor land for others’ good land, which was opposed by local officials.
Oboi framed these officials for being unruly and executed three local officials who opposed him.
When Xuanye turned 14, he was in power in person.
At this time, another assistant minister, suksaha, had a dispute with Oboi.
With a grudge in his heart, Oboi colludes with his accomplices to falsely accuse suksaha of committing a major crime, and asks Xuanye to put suksaha to death.
Xuanye refuses to approve, and oboi quarrels with Xuanye directly.
Xuanye is very angry, but he knows that Oboi has great power, so he has to endure for a while and let him kill suksaha.
Emperor Kangxi’s plan
After that, Xuanye is determined to get rid of Oboi.
He sent a group of teenagers to serve as bodyguards. All of them were strong and powerful.
Xuanye keeps them around and practices wrestling every day.
When Oboi went into the palace, he often saw these teenagers wrestling in the imperial garden.
But he didn’t care at all.
One day, Oboi received an order from Xuanye, asking him to enter the palace alone to discuss state affairs.
Oboi swaggered into the palace as usual. Just stepped into the threshold of the inner palace, suddenly a group of teenagers came up and surrounded him.
Oboi was a military general and he had great strength.
But these teenagers are many, and all have practiced wrestling.
When Oboi is put into prison, Xuanye immediately asks the minister to investigate the crime of Oboi.
Xuanye’s removal of Oboi makes the court very happy.
Some of the arrogant ministers knew the power of the young emperor, and did not dare to be presumptuous in front of him.
After he was in power, he made great efforts to rectify the government, reward production and punish corruption, which made the newly established Qing Dynasty more and more powerful.
At that time, there were three vassal kings in the south that worried Xuanye very much.
The three vassal kings were originally generals of the Ming Dynasty who surrendered to the Qing Dynasty. One was called Wu Sangui, the other was Shang Kexi, and the other was Geng Zhongming.
Because they helped the Qing Dynasty annihilate the Ming Dynasty and suppress the peasant army, the Qing Dynasty made Wu Sangui king of Pingxi and stationed in Yunnan and Guizhou.
Shang Kexi was the king of Pingnan and stationed in Guangdong.
Geng Zhongming was the king of Jingnan, stationed in Fujian.
Among the three vassal kings, Wu Sangui was the strongest.
When Wu Sangui became the vassal king, he was very arrogant. He not only controlled the local military power, but also controlled the finance.
Xuanye knows that these three vassal kings are great hidden dangers. He must find a chance to weaken their power.
It happened that Shang Kexi was very old. He wanted to go back to his hometown in Liaodong. He wrote to Xuanye and asked his son Shang Zhixin to inherit the title of vassal king and stay in Guangdong.
Xuanye agrees to go back to his hometown, but he does not allow his son to replace him.
As a result, Wu Sangui and Geng Jingzhong became vigilant (Geng Zhongming’s grandson).
They want to test Xuanye’s attitude, so they take the initiative to ask for the removal of the vassal king title.
These letters were sent to the imperial court, and Xuanye called on the courtiers to discuss.
Many courtiers think that Wu Sangui’s demands are false. If approve their requests, they will certainly rebel.
Xuanye said decisively, “Wu Sangui is very ambitious. He will rebel in any case.”
Then, he issued an imperial edict to Wu Sangui and agreed to his removal of the title of vassal king.
In 1673 ad, Wu Sangui starts troops in Yunnan.
In order to win over the hearts of the people, he took off the clothes of the Qing Dynasty and put on the armor of the general of the Ming Dynasty.
He cried bitterly in front of the tomb of Emperor Yongli of Ming Dynasty, saying that he wanted to avenge the Ming Dynasty.
However, people remember clearly that Wu Sangui was the one who let the Qing Dynasty to unify China, and it was Wu Sangui who finally killed Emperor Yongli of Ming Dynasty.
Wu Sangui had great influence in the southwest. At the beginning, the rebels fought very smoothly, all the way to Hunan.
He also sent people to contact Shang Zhixin in Guangdong and Geng Jingzhong in Fujian to ask them to mutiny together.
Supported by Wu Sangui, these two vassals also turned against the Qing Dynasty.
In history, it was called “Three feudatories rebellion against Qing”.
Before long, the whole South was under their control.
Xuanye is not intimidated by them. On the one hand, he mobilizes his troops and concentrates his forces on Wu Sangui; on the other hand, he stops revoking the titles of Shang Zhixin and Geng Jingzhong as vassal king to stabilize them.
Shang Zhixin and Geng Jingzhong surrendered when they saw that the situation was unfavorable to Wu Sangui.
After eight years of war, he fell ill and died.
In 1681, the Qing army attacked Kunming in three ways.
Finally, the Qing Dynasty successfully unified the south.
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