Chinese history

What Qin Shi Huang did after the reunification (1)

The origin of the title of Qin Shi Huang

After the King of Qin Ying Zheng eliminated the six countries, he successfully unified China.

With this achievement, he felt that his achievements were very great, so he had to use a more noble title to be worthy of his achievements.

Therefore, he adopted the title of “emperor”.

As he was the first emperor of China, he claimed to be the first emperor (It was called Qin Shi huang in history).

He also stipulated that the descendants of the throne should be arranged in order.

The second generation was called emperor II, and the third generation was called emperor III. such a generation passed on from generation to generation and has been passed down to thousands of generations.

After the reunification, the next thing to do is to govern the country.

At a court meeting, Prime Minister Wang Wan said to Qin Shi huang, “the princes have just been wiped out, especially the Three Kingdoms of Yan, Chu and Qi, which are far away from Xianyang. There should be several princes there.”

After Qin Shi huang asked his ministers to discuss it, many ministers agreed with Wang Wan’s opinion, but only Li Si opposed it.

He said: “when King Wu of Zhou established the Zhou Dynasty, he granted many princes. However, these princes fight every day. It can be seen that the method of enfeoffment is not good. It is better to set up the system of prefectures and counties throughout the country. “

Qin Shi Huang’s Reform

Li Si’s opinion was in line with Qin Shi huang’s mind. He decided to abolish the method of enfeoffment and change to the system of prefectures and counties, dividing the country into 36 prefectures, and then dividing the counties under the prefecture.

The prefects of the prefecture were appointed directly by the country. The political affairs of a country, big or small, are decided by the emperor.

It is said that Qin Shi huang read 121 Jin paper every day (At that time, the paper was carved on bamboo slips), which shows how powerful he was.

Before reunification, there was no unified system in all countries.

Take transportation as an example. The size of carriages varies from country to country, so the lanes can be wide and narrow.

After Qin Shihuang’s reunification, it was inconvenient for the carriage to walk on different lanes.

Therefore, at that time, it was stipulated that the distance between the two wheels of the carriage should be changed to six feet, so that the tracks of the wheels were the same.

In this way, it will be convenient for people to travel around the country.

Before the reunification, the languages of the six countries were not unified.

In other words, there are several ways to write the same text.

Therefore,Qin Shi huang stipulated a unified text.

In this way, cultural exchanges between different regions are also much more convenient.

In addition, the measurement standards of the six countries are not the same.

Different units of measurement will have a great impact on business.

Therefore, Qin Shi huang unified the unit of measurement.

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